Jageshwar, better known as Jageshwar dham is a scenic and quiet place in Almora district. The place is popular for an ancient large group of around 124 Hindu temples. It is 36 kilometers from “the cultural city” of Almora, in Kumaon region of Uttarakhand. Pearched at the height of 1870 meters, Jageshwar dham is is the 8th among the twelve Jyotirlings and holds a great religious value for Hindus.
History of Jageshwar Dham:
There is no definite dating history of the construction of Jageshwar group of temples. The early history of these ancient temples dates between 7th and 12th century. According to the ASI, the temples belong to the post-Gupta and pre-medieval eras. Noticeably, these are one of the oldest temples in India.
The temples were renovated during the period of Katyuri King Shalivahandeva. There is an inscription of Malla Kings on the main temple premises, which indicates their devotion to Jageshwar. The Chand dynasty Kings of Kumaon were also patrons of the Jageshwar temple. Pilgrims used to pass through Jageshwar en-route to Kailash and Mansarovar before the construction of roads.
Jageshwar is popular among Hindu devotees, travel enthusiasts and more noticeably monks and they continue make efforts to protect the site’s sacredness. The Jageshwar temples are 124 in number, among these, 108 temples are dedicated to Lord Shiva.
It is a part of the Hindu sacred geography, particularly for the central Himalayan region. Many people complete a part of the post-cremation last rites after the death of a person at the Jageshwar temples. Pilgrims combine their pilgrimage to Jageshwar Temples with those at Lake Mansarovar or Badrinath and Kedarnath, or other places in the Himalayas such as Gangotri.
The temples have several stone Shiv lingam, surrounded by stone sculptures of various deities. The architecture of Jageshwar belongs to the Nagara style, which is characterized by a tall curved spire surmounted by a capstone and a kalasha crown. There is a huge old deodar tree inside the temple complex. The tree has great significance and which is worshiped by locals. There is a small pond filled with water with stone steps. Just behind the temple complex in a small stream flows known as Jataganga river.
Mythology of Jageshwar Dham:
It is also believed that Adi Guru Shankaracharya visited Jageshwar and renovated and re-established many. There is a cremation ground inside the entry. The cremation groud may belong to Chand kings. It is believed that sati, the act of self-immolation, may have been performed here.
How to Reach Jageshwar:
This uniquely identified and popular pilgrimage and scenic destination is only 36 kilometers away from Almora. The place is not just a pilgrimage site. Number of travelers from all around the country and even foreign countries visit this region to seek spirituality and peace, and to explore the architecture of ancient temples. They come to be a part of the evergreen natural beauty of the region. Reaching Jageshwar is not a difficult task. It is quite well connected via rail and road routes. One can also plan to reach Jageshwar by air.
Nearest airport to the Jageshwar is Pantnagar airport, which is 150 kilometers away from Jageshwar. Buses, taxis are easily available to Almora and Jageshwar from Pantnagar airport or from Haldwani.
The closest railway station to reach Jageshwar is Kathgodam. The railway station is at a distance of 125 kilometers from Jageshwar town. From Kathgodham it is easy to find a private or shared taxi to Jageshwar and Almora.
Jageshwar is well connected to all cities of Uttarakhand by well maintained roads. Regular transport is available from destinations like Haldwani, Pithoragarh, Almora and Bageshwar. Government undertaking buses and private taxis operate on a regular basis.