Katarmal is a village located in Kumaon Division, in Almora District, Uttarakhand, India. The temple is at a distance of 20 kms from Almora and 30 kms from Ranikhet. Katarmal is known for a its ancient and rare Surya temple (Sun temple). Katarmal Sun temple was constructed by the Katyuri Kings in the 9th century CE. Katarmal village is in a spectacular position with uncut Himalaya View. The place is crowned by lush green forests.
The Katarmal Sun Temple:
The Sun Temple of Katarmal is dedicated to Lord Burhadita or Vriddhaditya (Sun God). The temple is perched at an altitude of 2116 m. The present idol of Surya(Sun) in the temple dates back to 12th century. It was built in the 9th century by the Katyuri Kings.
The Sun Temple is popular for its magnificent architecture. The idols of Shiva-Parvati and Lakshmi-Narayana are also present in the temple. The building faces the east in a way such that the first rays of the sun fall on the Shiva Lingam. Stone-built walls, intricate figures, beautiful pillar carvings and exquisitely cut out wooden doors are among the distinctive features of the Sun temple.
The carved wooden doors and panels were transported to the National Museum, Delhi, after an idol from the 10th century was stolen.
The temple is surrounded by 44 smaller temples around the main idol of Surya, which is called as Burhadita or Vraddhaditya.