Champawat, sitting at an elevation of 1670 meters above sea level, is a town and a district in the northern state of Uttarakhand, India. Once it used to be the capital of Kumaon kingdom.
The district is well-known for its important ancient temples, including:
These temples are known for their remarkable architecture.
According to the legend, Champawat is the place where the Kurmavatar (the turtle incarnation) of God Vishnu came into the Earth.
Another legend states that after the death of Ghatotkacha (son of Bhima and Hidimba) in the war of Mahabharata, his head fell here. There is a temple called Gahtku mandir, which is dedicated to Ghatotkacha.
Chand rulers of Kumaon one ruled the region of Kumaon. It was the capital of Chand dynasty.
The Chand kings built the Baleshwar temple in the 12th century. Baleshwar, Poornagiri, Devidhura and Pancheshwar temple are few architectural temples which were built by Chand kings.
District Headquarters: Champawat
The Geographical area: 1,766 km2
Coordinates: 29.3361° N, 80.0910° E
Total Population in 2011: 259,648
Literacy rate: 91.69%
Altitude: 1,610 meters
Language: Hindi, Kumaoni
Summer temperature: 30°C to 20°C
Winter temperature: 15°C to 4°C
The district is well connected with major cities of Uttarakhand and Delhi. Buses from ISBT Anand Vihar and ISBT Dehradun are available to this place.
The nearest railway station is Tanakpur at a distance of 60 km from Champawat. Taxis and buses are easily available from Tanakpur to this place.
The closest airport to Champawat is Pantnagar Airport, which is 160 km away. Pantnagar Airport is well connected with this place. Another option is Naini Saini Airport, Pithoragarh but flights are not regular here.