Haldwani, known as ‘Gateway of Kumaon‘, is the third most populous city in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. Situated in Nainital district, Haldwani is the largest city of the Kumaon region.
The population of this city was 156,078 in 2011. Haldwani gets its name from the tree of ‘Haldu’ found in this region. It is one of the most important business and educational hubs in Uttarakhand.
Perched at an elevation of 425 m above the sea level, the city is situated on the foothills of Himalayas.
Mughal historians have mentioned about Haldwani. They have written that Gyan Chand was the king of Chand dynasty in the 14th century. He visited the Sultanate of Delhi and Mughals gave him the regions of Terai-Bhabhar to rule.
But later, Mughals were trying to expand their kingdom. They tried to capture the hills of Uttarakhand. But they did not succeed because of difficult terrains. They were not habitual of hill areas.
In 1856, the Britishers captured this area. Then Sir Henry Ramsay became the Commissioner of Kumaon. During the historic Indian Rebellion of 1857, the rebels of Rohilkhand were able to capture the area for a very short period of time.
But Commissioner, Sir Henry Ramsay declared martial law and the region again came under the Britishers in 1858. Sir Henry Ramsay constructed railway track from Bareilly to Kathgodam.
On 24 April 1884, the first train arrived at Haldwani from Lucknow. The railway track was further extended up to Kathgodam.
On September 21, 1942, Haldwani-Kathgodam Municipal Council was established. It is the second largest Municipal Council in Uttarakhand after Haridwar Municipal Council.
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Geo Location: North
Average temperature: 3°C to 35°C
Best Time to Visit: Throughout the year
Famouns for: Bussines and educational hub, tourism
STD Code: 05946
Haldwani is well connected to all the major cities of India by motorable roads. Regular and luxury buses are available from Anand Vihar ISBT, Delhi and ISBT Dehradun to Haldwani.
Haldwani Railway Station is well connected to all major cities. From railway station cabs, buses and auto rickshaw will take you to the desired location.
Pantnagar Airport is the closest airport to Haldwani. There are regular flights available from Delhi and Dehradun. The road distance between Pantnagar to Haldwani is 26 km. There are many buses and cabs to this city are available from the airport.